In Praise of Bitcoin

PDF download: In Praise of Bitcoin My go-to avatar, Ptolemy, the most famously wrong scienti
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Comments

  1. Avatar for w4x w4x says:

    Time for a good, old-fashioned hard fork.

  2. If a subscriber pays for the ET subscription with BTC through your BTCPay Server, won’t you have to report it to Sauron?

  3. Ben, Granted this article is focused on Bitcoin (sorry, Bitcoin!), but isn’t it fair to say that the developments in DeFi and protocols focused on self-sovereign data (Web 3.0) are: 1. real world use cases with real cash flows, that offer a quantum improvement in the product (financial services) offered to its users, and 2. are built on the foundation of Bitcoin’s idea of - if not taking power away from the state, then at least reclaiming some power from and offering an alternative to oligopolistic rent-seeking middlemen?

    Even assuming that KYC/AML will be enforced on all DeFi protocols (and I agree that this is inevitable), they will still offer a fundamentally better financial system to users as they redirect the rents collected by the middlemen to users of the system. So borrowers and lenders, for example, can BOTH get better financial terms in a DeFi protocol than they can in the traditional financial system. And this will be very hard for Wall St to completely co-opt and corrupt, because the ‘pure’ DeFi systems that cut out the middlemen will provide inherently better financial returns, due to the lack of the rent seekers in the middle. Let Wall St trade the tokens that power DeFi, that does not inherently corrupt what it does, or what it is about. And while the oligopolistic banks and others directly targeted by DeFi will try to fight it, Sauron will be happy as long as KYC/AML is enforced and taxes are paid.

    Sure, a KYC/AML’d DeFi system is not the purist revolution that many Bitcoin proponents dreamed of, but it is a hell of a lot better than what we have now, and the excessive focus on Bitcoin by people like Mr Krugman has blinded them to the real benefits offered by DeFi. And lets be clear, none of these DeFi developments would have happened unless Bitcoin (or even Bitcoin!) had paved the way first. So give it some credit for that.

  4. Ben,

    I suspect you are familiar with the below book by Juan Zarate, a recent architect of modernizing the FinCEN complex at Treasury and State. While my read of it was with great interest being more than familiar with aspects of AML, RICO, KYC, etc - my overall impression was one of confirming my fear the US Govt was overusing it’s power of being the world’s reserve currency and Wall Street being the center of the financial world. That fear being that we would drive not only enemies but allies to move asway form $US and Wall Street and doing so reduce our ultimate power, soft and hard - that of MONEY.

    Your latest piece on Bitcoin hits on all of this. My question for you is not weather Treasury and Wall Street are securitizing Bitcoin for the purposes to be able to “see it”, it is clear as you so elegantly point out. But rather, is there a better alternative available to the policy makers and the money traders?

    Our/your "anti-psyop campaign is necessary and compatible with above, I believe.

    Treasury’s War: The Unleashing of a New Era of Financial Warfareby Juan Zarate

    For more than a decade, America has been waging a new kind of war against the financial networks of rogue regimes, proliferators, terrorist groups, and criminal syndicates. Juan Zarate, a chief architect of modern financial warfare and a former senior Treasury and White House official, pulls back the curtain on this shadowy world. In this gripping story, he explains in unprecedented detail how a small, dedicated group of officials redefined the Treasury’s role and used its unique powers, relationships, and reputation to apply financial pressure against America’s enemies.

  5. Avatar for Kpaz Kpaz says:

    I remember being so stoked about blockchain, BTC and ETH when I first read about them and really learned what was behind crypto… and then it slowly dawned on me that it couldn’t escape the regulators forever. After the Mt Gox crash, I figured they’d sweep in and put in massive regulation and possibly even prohibitions. Failure of imagination. Art is abstraction and these proposed rules will morph and morph again as the water drains out. The more interesting and, I think unpredictable, changes will come as we get issuance of CBDC, central bank digital currencies. Serious disintermediation will happen then but the racoons will be all over it. Jamie Dimon heading up the USPS? Talk about the eye of Sauron!

  6. Avatar for bhunt bhunt says:

    Nope. We’re not a money transmitter as defined by UST.

  7. Totally get the distinction you are making between “(original) Bitcoin” and “Bitcoin™”. Totally sympathetic to your antipathy to “the State and the status quo institutionalization of capital” and the general point that governmental programs tend to expand well beyond their original justification. But I don’t think you’ve explained why you think (original) Bitcoin is “an authentic expression of identity” requires a ferocious defense and that every attempt to monitor or constrain Bitcoin needs to be ferociously opposed.

    You haven’t explained why Bitcoin enthusiasm is different from many other expressions of identity that sometimes rub people the wrong way and are sometimes weaponized against non-group members. How are your Bitcoin enthusiasts different from people who use MAGA, Antifa, extreme Second Amendment rights, extreme abortion rights, or the Yale Alumni Society as expressions of identity? How is the enthusiasm for identity politics here consistent with your concern about the widening gyre of public discussion and the huge decline in open hearts and open minds?

    Your piece fails to explain why those of us opposed to the Nudging State and the Nudging Oligarchy need to not just allow Bitcoin enthusiasts some space but need to become dedicated supporters. But your piece uses the same propaganda-based emotional good-versus-evil/everyone needs to take sides framing that dominates most manufactured political, corporate and ideological narrative that Epsilon Theory has attacked in the past, and (as you’ve pointed out) is used to promote things like “Bitcoin™”.

    You’ve argued that all of the nominal reasons for existing financial reporting requirements (money laundering, fighting terrorism etc) are complete BS, and that the only purpose these laws ever served was to Take Away All Our Freedoms. Yes these laws have serious problems, but you’ve ignored substantial evidence that Bitcoin has clearly facilitated things like drugs and arms trafficking  and industrial scale tax evasion. You’ve failed to provide evidence supporting your claim that the immediate gains eliminating them would massively outweigh the costs and risks.

    I happen to agree that the loss of privacy and autonomy driven by surveillance capitalism is a very important issue, but if fighting Bitcoin-related financial reporting requirements is now a requirement for pack membership, why aren’t the many other problems caused by surveillance capitalism given similar emphasis? Why haven’t you posted lots of major articles on Epsilon Theory attacking both the Silicon Valley (Google, Facebook) and military-industrial-homeland security assaults on privacy and autonomy?

  8. Thank you, Ben. Your article was “brave”. Lol. Seriously. It’s brave to try to make the “grey” case for Bitcoin, in between the ferocity that is team black & team white. And even braver to heap praise on it that has absolutely nothing to do with its most alluring facet… it’s price!

    To think of it as art - for me, anyway - allows all the frustrating ambiguity & debate around its “price” to melt away. It’s worth what folks will pay. Same as any other art. Simple.

    I’ve thoroughly enjoyed the show that is Bitcoin thus far; observing it’s affect on the masses. It constantly has me thinking of delusions & crowds & madness & something or other…

    I digress.

    Is it a million yet?

  9. These are thing that bothered me as well, to the extent that I kept looking for rationales that never showed up. I’m sure there’s something here that Ben is trying to get us to understand, but I simply don’t see it. The expanding intrusion of gov’t into the untouchable realm of Bitcoin was predictable from day 1; small efforts like Ben’s to stay separate from that but still utillize Bitcoin are futile, I believe. More is needed - more thought, more explanation, more comparisons — we’ve only just begun … to learn.
    But Bitcoin as Identity is a huge stretch. Gotta let that one settle in.

  10. It is a huge stretch, but gradually as the Bitcoin way of thinking seeps into the everyday it becomes clear. It is grass fed beef as opposed to feed lot reared processed sludge, it is butter as opposed to vegetable oil spread, generosity versus grabbyness, unexpected acts of kindness versus passing by on the other side, finely engineered locally manufactured versus cheap Chinese knock offs. As background I am 69 and six years into Bitcoin. It took 5 of those to begin to see past price and see the possibility of a different way with clear eyes and a full heart. As Ben has articulated, “with autonomy of mind and with generosity of spirit”.

  11. In the context of punk history, The mohican haircut was not mandatory. You could be a punk without one. It was not illegal to have your hair styled in that fashion, but it might as well have been. But that was largely the point. It was art. It increased the range  of the experience #life#. No law changes needed. Just people and feelings evolving, finding a greater dynamic range of self-expression. I don’t remember any detailed arguments about the appalling tyranny of fascism. Did the beneficial changes outweigh the risks? The beautifully complex system of the human world defies understanding in those terms, luckily.

  12. Avatar for Marc1 Marc1 says:

    Ryley- thank you very much. Suddenly, while Reading your comment, I understood what Ben meant about it being art. Wow. It’s art. So clear.
    Thx
    Marc.

  13. You can look at art. If it is not garbage, you might enjoy it. Bitcoin?

  14. I was reminded of when Ben speaks of small “l” liberalism vs. Liberalism, or small “d” democracy vs. Democracy. One is an expression of core individual values and principles, and the other is a narrative, a cartoon, sold to us by the nudging State and Oligarchy. I also don’t see how something like crypto can exist for very long outside the Panopticon of Treasury. The global dominance of the Dollar in trade and finance is perhaps the greatest power the US wields. And it’s no wonder there is momentum building for other governments to get out from under that dominance.

  15. Your comment suggests that everyone should equate your passionate love of Bitcoin with grassfed beef, pure butter, generosity and kindness and finely manufactured products. You seem to believe that those of us who don’t share that love should be seen as processed sludge who totally lack any sense of kindness and are similar to cheap oils and Chinese knock offs. And this contempt for the rest of us demonstrates your “generosity of spirit” and the kind of attitude and approach to discussion that Epsilon Theory has been trying to promote.
    Can anyone explain how this comment differs from Hilary Clinton saying that anyone who couldn’t immediately grasp her superiority must be a “deplorable”? That anyone who couldn’t see that Hillary Clinton was leading a conspiracy of pedophiles must be part of the conspiracy? Can anyone find anything in this comment that attempts to respectfully reach out to people who don’t share one’s ideological/identity group priors, using logic and evidence that people who don’t share similar tribal loyalties might understand?

  16. A good article and a lot of good comments. I would be curious to know if John Hussman was in the Zoom meeting. I doubt it, he is an academic and an economist but a lot different than an academic economist. He isn’t a big believer in Bitcoin and probably would have been way too practical in his answers.

    The blockchain algorithm is a masterpiece. I am not so sure about Bitcoin as a payment system though. I agree with @bubbles … that the “rent seekers” take too much out of the transaction. I assume that he is referring to MasterCard, Visa, and similar entities along with FX, etc. I think that Bitcoin has high transaction costs (depending on the amount of the transaction). It is $29.69 today, $37.77 yesterday. See https://ycharts.com/indicators/bitcoin_average_transaction_fee#:~:text=Bitcoin%20Average%20Transaction%20Fee%20is,K%%20from%20one%20year%20ago.
    The costs will increase rapidly once there is no more Bitcoin to be mined.

    I think that people would believe less in Bitcoin if they could believe more in the dollar and believe that their government was doing a good job representing their interests against those entities that seek to financialize our lives. It really seems to me that corporate capitalism exists to suck the last penny from our wallets just like The Matrix took the last btu from the people in their hives and then flushed them down the drain when they died. Instead of being a “Coppertop” battery I am a source of subscription revenue (sorry ET).

    @Richard Simonson comment is a good one. The UST pushes it weight internationally like the dollar still is something. It tries to enforce policy (some with which I agree and some that I don’t) using its control and participation in the worldwide banking system. Some time in the near future other countries which produce more than they consume (export more than they import) will get tired of playing by the rules of a country that consumes more than it produces. This monetized debt driven inflation caused by increased demand at the same time that production capacity is lower may be a turning point for other countries, especially resource rich emerging market countries that don’t have a stable currency.

    The proposed government sponsored digital currencies, as far as I can tell, are neither blockchain, decentralized, nor less expensive. They keep the existing banks/payment processors in the middle so to keep the existing financial status quo with the added benefit of knowing exactly where, what on, and when you spend your money.

    The easiest way for the government to reduce the use of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies would be to require that any business which accepts Bitcoin to take a 25-100% withholding for potential capital gains. The payer could then claim the amount to be refunded on his taxes. It would immediately raise the cost of transactions.

    Sorry to ramble.

  17. For me, Ben’s emphasis on Bitcoin as an expression of identity brings to mind “brand” before it does “art”. Are you an Under Armour guy or are you a Nike guy? Are you a BTC guy or are you a GME guy?
    The other day I think I read that 60% of global hash bandwidth is in China. That sounds like a single point of failure to me.

  18. Why must a rationale be provided to say “No” to the state? Why must the state have the power to monitor and tax everything? Why must the common citizen be burdened with the extra costs of complying with the regulators in their effort to see everything?

    Your starting point is that compliance with problematic laws is essential to keep the bad guys at bay. It is a necessary condition we all must submit for the benefit of State. If so, you haven’t just missed the point of the article, you’ve missed the entire point of what Epsilon Theory is about.

  19. Yes, if you think that the entire point of Epsilon Theory is that any action that “says no the State” is automatically and totally justified then, yes, I have missed that point. I hope others will chime in as to whether they think this is in fact the entire point of this site.

    I don’t hold out state motor vehicle departments as paradigms of efficiency, but I think there are very good reasons that common citizens should be burdened with the extra costs of carrying auto insurance policies and that those regulators should be allowed to see whether citizens are obeying the laws. We all know how tax laws have been corrupted by special interests but allowing people to freely violate those laws because it would be “an authentic expression of identity” would not in any way contribute to the solution of those problems.

    I take expressions such as “BITFD” as symbolic references to the understanding that major structural economic and political changes are needed. I do not take it as saying that people who burn down police stations or public schools or IRS offices or CDC headquarters or military bases should be tolerated (or applauded) because their desire to “say no the State” is an important aspect of their personal identity.

    I signed up here because Epsilon Theory seemed to recognize that enacting the needed major structural economic and political changes was going to be horribly difficult, and, at a minimum it required rejecting debate based on simplistic, tribal, propaganda-based “say no the State” type narratives. Even though there are many issues where “say no the State” might be a defensible position, progress is impossible if everything is framed in good-versus-evil terms that makes respectful, open-minded discussion impossible.

    Again, I hope others will chime in. Ben’s post raised basic questions about core Epsilon Theory values, and this and other comments seem to reflect a range of incompatible views.

  20. The BTC=art comparison is apt in that, like the body of works by Monet, the supply is finite and will gradually decrease over time. The Bitcoin mining production rate is now lower than the average rate of coin destruction due to wallet loss. Millions of BTC are already lost forever. It’s a shrinking supply of a fragile asset! “Art” is a really great comparison here. And nobody is using Monets as currency, even if there were millions of them and they could be emailed. A lot of crypto advocates simply don’t grasp that appreciating assets make nonfunctional secondary currencies. (Because people would rather wait for the value to go up than spend it. The near-mythical regret-story of buying a pizza for 50 BTC is powerful narrative mojo.)

    However, I want to modify the identity argument. The underlying Use Case #1 for BTC is what I would call “government-tolerated economic transgression.” People can wear “participant in economic transgression” as an identity, sure, but the economic usage case for mainstream blockchain currencies comes from the fact that crypto transactions are resistant to mass surveillance (which makes it useful for certain transactions) WITHOUT being immune to major law enforcement action (which would result in bans). Nobody regularly transacting in cryptocurrency in the real world particularly cares that it’s “decentralized,” they use it for its perceived legal blind spot characteristics. It’s viewed as much more secure than it is. This puts crypto transactions in a sweet spot where minor transgression transactions (like small drug buys, or a rich family moving some money across borders) are sufficiently anonymous to be a reasonable risk for users, while major illegal transactions (like terror funding or narco laundering) are still very traceable for a well-resourced nation-state. In a way, it’s a panopticon workaround, like slatted blinds on your prison cell, that block the other prisoners but still allow the prison guards to see you’re not misbehaving badly enough to be worth the trouble of cudgel-based discipline.

    This is what makes crypto a functional and useful currency today. It’s the main link to the real economy — illegal transactions that aren’t illegal enough to be worth the hassle of government effort for enforcement.

    But crypto doesn’t have to be a functioning currency OR a gold style “store or value” to be useful to Wall Street. It just has to be a fungible asset class with beta low enough to have diversification value. That’s Use Case #2. It’s a HUGE use case for BTC specifically, perhaps less so other coins like ETH or DOGE. Packaging crypto for portfolio diversification and factor tilts is going to end up being the biggest use (by volume) of major coins. But I personally think the underlying long-term value of these investments — the willingness of people to agree that the coins have value outside Wall Street and between periodic bubbles — will still be determined by Use Case #1. So my belief is that non-transgressive centrally-controlled coins are unlikely to gain traction as investable assets, and none of the academics and politicians will be able to figure out why. It’s because minor illegal transactions are the secret sauce.

    Neither of these core usage cases care that Chinese businesses control the blockchain. Nor do they ever go to zero. Volatility is a feature for Case #2, not a bug. Poor (but non-zero) AML visibility is a feature of significant value to both users and governments, so it’s not getting regulated out of existence. Government-backed coins don’t serve the same social relief valve function. This is an area where governments are going to let the little guys go so they can keep catching bigger fish.

  21. Hey Ben,

    There is concern among the Bitcoin community that America will

    1. lose its reserve currency status
    2. transition to a digital currency similar to China’s where the government can exclude people from the economy, track all transactions, etc.

    Is it possible that the Bitcoin community is giving the Treasury exactly what it needs for 1 & 2? An updated SWIFT & digital currency to track every transaction while exercising more control over the economy?

    The Treasury just might have outsourced its problems to the Bitcoin community in an incredibly ironic & crony capitalist way. At least that’s what I’ve thought after reading the article, which was wonderful.

  22. I think the point Ben is getting at is that Bitcoin is the new GLD. Gold isn’t really gold, like Ben said. You can’t trade it for actual gold like you could in the 60s.

    Whereas Bitcoin has the following main selling points:

    1. 21 million max bitcoins
    2. You get to actually own bitcoin addresses. You can’t own GLD’s underlying.
    3. Infinitely hypothicatable

    Easier to sell. Gold does not have a religion that surrounds it.

  23. I’m sorry that you interpreted my clumsy attempts to express myself in that way. It is just about the furthest thing from my mind. I reserve my contempt for the politicians, racoons and mainstream media who have collaborated to promote debt over saving, global over local and short term profit over humanity.
    I think the Bitcoin mindset I was trying to express is perhaps better equated with the Quaker belief that each human is of unique worth.

  24. I have always found a positive energy and desire to change the world for the better in the Bitcoin and crypto community, and this is my attempt to build a bridge to that community. No idea why you would feel threatened by that effort.

    As for your interpretation of what I wrote in this article, particularly your straw man arguments about “identify politics” and ideological “requirements” for Pack membership, give me a freakin’ break.

  25. Avatar for Marc1 Marc1 says:

    Read nic carter. Very knowledgeable guy. He will explain the good and bad of hash rate wrt china miners.
    M

  26. just like synthetic CDOs are not limited by the supply of underlying mortgage and CDOs, wall street can create and profit as long as it can sell the narrative

  27. Hubert,

    You talk about a place for “respectful, open-minded discussion” and yet… Straw-man arguing is your tool of choice.

    Here is an example…

    “I do not take it as saying that people who burn down police stations or public schools or IRS offices or CDC headquarters or military bases should be tolerated (or applauded) because their desire to “say no the State” is an important aspect of their personal identity.”

    Honestly - I haven’t come across many (if any) pack members that are applauding literally burning down anything and we have had a robust conversation about changing BITFD to something different. Your using that in reply to my post is a great example of well something that isn’t a discussion.

    Similarly statements like “we all know” - yup. Not very effective. Those are precisely the kind of vague missionary statements that are used to tell you what to think through narrative. Vaccinated against those.

    ————

    I asked you a series of plain questions about why you thought the State had absolute powers and in re-reading your reply (checks notes) you argued the DMV and roads. Which is a specific example. And one I agree with. I am an EMT and a large part of my work depends on a strictly regulated DOT process for managing car accidents. (I have many other thoughts about what is fucked up about having EMS under DOT…but that is not germane to our discussion…I still agree with it being a regulated area).

    If you want to provide a rationale for why you think the State has absolute powers, have at it. I am interested in hearing your thoughts. I am not interested, however, in your thoughts about what you think my thoughts are. Or your thoughts about what you think the Pack’s thoughts are.

    Examples of what isn’t an open discussion - your reply to Hugh Fowler’s most excellent post. It’s bullying, its trolling, its the worst example of how not to engage anyone in a discussion.

    ————

    And what you missed about Epsilon Theory is that this place is not about telling people other people what they should think using abstractions, missionary statements, whataboutism, straw-mans and the like. Epsilon Theory is the antidote to that lunacy. Epsilon Theory is the place where you learn to think for yourself. Where you take your own thoughts…well that is really up to you isn’t it?

  28. Avatar for bhunt bhunt says:

    If I could upvote this reply, Hugh, I would! Well said.

  29. +100

  30. Yet.

  31. wait are using real world reasons to support a crypto platform. you’re on the wrong site buddy.

  32. “These are people who want you to write sanctimonious stories about the genius of the rock stars, and they will ruin rock and roll and strangle everything we love about it.”

  33. I looked into Nic a little bit, and most of his comments regarding China seem to address the straw man “what if China uses its dominance to mine all the rest of BTC?” I’m not too interested in that, because I already think of BTC as a gift card to a store I will never patronize.
    I’m more interested in what would happen if the Chinese government were to seize at gunpoint, continue to operate, and expand their domestic mining infrastructure. What happens to this “globally unique” ledger? Can the small investor still redeem what he thought he owned? Do the West’s big banks have too much exposure?

  34. but you’ve ignored substantial evidence that Bitcoin has clearly facilitated things like drugs and arms trafficking and industrial scale tax evasion.
    And? So has cash. And works of art. And diamonds. Pretty much anything that has a value has been used at one time or another to fund something nefarious. I don't see how this particular objection is noteworthy.
  35. Avatar for Pat_W Pat_W says:

    Precambrian- I appreciate your ramble!

  36. But I like it. (its only rock and roll).

    Failed at it miserably in my case.

  37. Interesting and challenging to me because I have not invested time to learn about Bitcoin. There is an emotional attractiveness in Ben’s suggestion that is similar to hell yeah, just BITFD, but I need to reread this note and process. By the way, I have never been comfortable with “GOLD” but I do hold quite a few gold coins in a lock box.

  38. I hear, understand and am sympathetic with the Libertarian bent of the crowd. And perhaps Bitcoin ultimately replaces gold as a perpetual store of value. Gold has a 5000 year head start, has a nice shin and feels good in your hand so I’m still not sold on Bitcoin’s survival once the 21 millionth coin is found. For giggles I suggest reading Asimov’s Nine Billion Names of God

    What’s missing here is any discussion of why the state is compelled to control the medium of exchange. There’s a long sordid history of what happens to society when currencies get out the control of a stable state. We even tried it in the U.S. in the first half of the 19th century with currency issuance by private banks. Merchants had to subscribe to a valuation listing to determine which notes to accept. Successful societies need a readily and efficiently accepted medium of exchange. Without that there is too much friction for the market to work effectively.

  39. indeed.

    If we are to follow this logic, let’s start with outlawing the most weaponised unit of account that is consistently used for the most nefarious means: the USD.

    Let’s not conflate the thing, with the numerous usages for the thing - good and bad.

    I think it’s safe to assume we all share your distaste for the - shall we say, unsavoury - usages of Bitcoin. But those unsavoury usages are not exclusive to Bitcoin. And I think one of the points of Ben’s article was that with these changes in regulation, these unsavoury usages of Bitcoin will become easier to detect and bring the hammer down on, by definition. So if it’s more regulation you want, it’s more regulation you’re gonna get :slight_smile:

    I personally didn’t take Ben’s commentary to he anything even resembling a celebration of these unsavoury usages of Bitcoin. I found it to be an intelligent dissection of a truly polarising topic. I don’t own Bitcoin. But the narrative surrounding it is a fascinating one. I truly believe there are fundamental things to be learned here, unrelated to profits and losses, if we can only be open enough to bathe in the waters between the banks of team black and team white, which is where I believe Ben was wading when he wrote this :slight_smile:

  40. Avatar for Kpaz Kpaz says:

    Fishnet art with certain sized holes… I like it.

  41. I have been spending some time contemplating Ben’s Bitcoin Narrative article along with the latest April 30th Zeitgeist article which mentions the digitization of everything. I don’t believe that it will be very long before “things” (real tangible goods) mean more than “digits” even digitally controlled scarcity of digits such as Bitcoin. At some point the real world intrudes on the digital world. Like in Avatar where the Colonel is fighting Jake Sully in the Avatar body and say “you think that you are one of them? Time to wake up” and tries to smash him in his connection pod. Or similarly in The Matrix where Neo is fighting Agent Smith inside the Matrix but the “squiddy’s” are attacking the Nebuchadnezzar and Neo needs to exit the Matrix or he will die. Or maybe I am just like Admiral Adama in Battlestar Galactica who never trusts a totally digitized society. Anyway I just think that our digitally created dollars and even Bitcoin have gotten so cheap and commoditized that real things will matter more soon.

    I also feel like it will be easier to take the system down from within that from outside. And whether that means attacking dollar flows from within the established system or using Bitcoin once it has been brought into our financial mainstream I don’t know. But I do know that it is very likely that those players which we (the US) intend to stifle by weaponizing the world monetary system against them (China, Soviet Union, North Korea, Iran) most likely are spending substantial resources into simulating, developing, and hacking both the traditional financial networks (SWIFT, Internet, BIS) and the Bitcoin network. The blockchain algorithm is probably secure given the current state of computing but China controls about 65% of the miners hashrate, Russia 7%, Kazakhstan 6%, and Iran 4%. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1200477/bitcoin-mining-by-country/#:~:text=A%20majority%20of%20Bitcoin%20mining,Bitcoin%20mining%20pools%20in%202020. I know that the Bitcoin nodes are more distributed in Europe and North America but it wouldn’t take much to change all the Bitcoin miners to Bitcoin nodes and there are many more individual mining computers than nodes. So it is possible that the Bitcoin system could be put under attack especially after all the Bitcoin has been mined profitably. Such an attack on SWIFT, BIS, Bitcoin, etc. would only work once and probably only be utilized if these systems were weaponized against China or Russia.

    But a real conflict (with anyone) will eventually be fought in real space as opposed to virtual reality and we won’t be able to fight them with digital bullets or starve them of virtual food or smother them with virtual money. The real bullet or real food will eventually reign supreme. I am not minimizing the use of technology, even Admiral Adama used computers on Battlestar Galactica, he just didn’t network them so that a failure of one system would lead to a failure of another.

  42. You read my mind… i was just listening to a podcast from a german financial magazine about an interview with the head of Interpol who discussed cryptocurrencies as facilitating crimes… i file my FBar every tax season and report my overseas financial holdings and pay my taxes… i do not fear IRS audits and sleep well at night… nobody has yet convinced me that crypto serves any other purpose that facilitating tax evasion and crimes.

  43. Thats the point… bitcoin is no different…

  44. Dear Ben, as always you make me think, think twice and then think again. Bravo, that is one of the main reasons I subscribe and like being part of “the pack”.
    FWIW, I can’t get on board on this one.
    I don’t see art, I don’t see beauty-I see an algorithm. A string of 27-34 alphanumeric characters.
    I don’t see good and noble supporters - I see the Winklevoss twins, John McAfee
    I see massive pollution as electricity is used to mine, coal being burned to mine this. Wasteful and polluting the environment
    I see perhaps the greatest Marketing campaign ever created. Bitcoin is not even a “coin”
    I see the perfect speculative item for the most speculative market of all time. An item that has no inherent value and cannot be valued

  45. Arthur C. Clarke (of “2001” fame).

  46. If I ever decide to obtain an NFT it’ll be one that doesn’t use so much damn electricty.

  47. Avatar for Dan Dan says:

    As always, it’s context, all the way down.

  48. Just read the note while concurrently listening to Ben’s reading on the podcast. It was like live theater or performance art…good art.

  49. Have you had a close look at Ethereum?

    Because, to me, Ethereum > Bitcoin in every way.

    Ethereum changed computing with smart contracts – turing complete distributed computing between parties that don’t trust each other? Didn’t exist on a large scale before Ethereum.

    Bitcoin’s proof of work is really, really resource intensive. The amount of electricity used to secure Bitcoin is insane. Ethereum is moving towards Proof of stake which is much less resource intensive.

    Identity, governance, NFTs, stable coins – all possible with Ethereum.

    The only thing Bitcoin has that is “better” than Ethereum is a fixed supply of BTC. But if you are in it for the art, not the “store of value” that doesn’t matter.

  50. I’ve heard the “muh electricity!” boomer argument before. I think it’s one of the most pure post-rationalizations ever captured in the wild. The amount of electricity globally wasted by “always on” appliances like your stereo, sitting around waiting for you to press the power button on your remote controller so you don’t have to get off the couch, is many multiples the amount used in all cryptos combined.

    Skin in the game requirement for further “muh electricity!” please: tell me you unplug your stereos and other always-on appliances when not in use, because you care so much about the electricity waste.

  51. Ditto my last for you as well good sir.

  52. The use case for Bitcoin and BITCOIN! is epimethean. As it stands today (May 2021) there are many individuals and organisations who like both of them. The only tribes who show dislike can only be upset about the success of others, have feelings of ‘missed out’, or are sensitive to a lack of control. From here onwards a true Sauron could demonstrate the power of his magic to the shadowy heart’s content. A communications channel like none before.
     Except, how in a more distant future will the history of Crypto’s childhood be remembered? Does it matter who teaches it, mingled with how many people have associative feelings of joy or regret? Will it be a cursed symbol or held aloft, loved for our progress. A hero or a ghost. Depends, because it is art.  

  53. Such derision. You can make a better argument than that, IF your goal is to convince. Full heart. The scale between the two things you cited is incalculably immense.

  54. Thanks for the realization: the origin of any institution is the subversion of new art.

  55. When the US weaponized the dollar and SWIFT system, they put rest of world on notice that it is NOT in their best interest to leave this much control in the hands of unelected Federal Reserve (aka private banksters). Plans to deposition USD as world reserve currency were made 10+ years ago by the aggrieved, and are being put into action now. FED is running the printing presses at high speed but the global financial system is creaking and groaning. Have you compared growth of M2 money supply in last year to growth of money supply in Weimar Republic? Despite continuing shifts in the definition of M2 so you will look away and not notice the change. Do you think current system is sustainable for more than a few years? If not, what will be the alternative to USD for global reserve currency?

  56. Very thoughtful. Thanks for sharing it “out there” among the artists.

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